This 2015 report is a meta-study of over 200 sources of research on ESG (academic studies, industry reports, newspaper articles and books). It finds a positive correlation between diligent ESG and economic performance – i.e., companies with robust sustainability practices demonstrate better operational and financial market performance.
This working paper advances a framework that illustrates how environment, social and governance (‘ESG’) issues become financially material and impact on company and industry valuation. The framework comprises five stages of the pathways to materiality.
The paper has a theoretical focus and looks at the risks associated with transitioning to a low-carbon economy. It looks to highlight externalities that may not be factored into risk models.
It concludes in favour of a case of policy intervention and more sophisticated modelling to counter potential market failures.
This report takes a statistical look at the impact of historical ESG score shifts on stock prices valuation. It further determines financial performance implications for a broad spectrum of companies based on an ESG valuation curve.
This report identifies drivers of change within the tobacco industry and the potential risk factors that may arise as a result. The report conducts a scenario analysis that maps out three potential outcomes for the industry and the relative impact on the share price of the world’s largest tobacco companies.
This paper makes the business case for financial firms to use an internal carbon price in investment and lending practices. Drawing on stakeholder insights, this paper provides guidance on how to best implement an internal carbon price to decarbonise portfolios and increase resilience in a low-carbon transition.
This report examines the trend of Chinese power companies’ increasing capital expenditure into coal power in China, and presents evidence of how it can be a financial risk for investors. It also provides recommendations for investors to engage with company management and apply greater scrutiny to company investments in coal fired power.
This paper considers a framework for company valuation that incorporates social responsibility in order to evaluate whether or not ‘doing good’ creates value for environmental, social and governance (ESG) companies, and for investors. It considers factors such as growth, profitability, investment efficiency, and risk.
Explores the role of corporate partnerships and financial intermediaries that can scale finance and increase capital and activities in regions that are key for the realisation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Through case studies, it illustrates various pathways for capital markets to maximise SDG investments at acceptable risk levels.
This methodology was developed for the supply side data and demand scenario used in the asset level analysis of oil and gas production in a carbon constrained world. It shows the marginal costs for oil and gas produced by intersecting 2°C demand with supply curves are higher than the currently prevailing prices for those fuels.
The blueprint is the final report of the Liechtenstein Initiative Financial Sector Commission on Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking. The report covers goals and implementation strategies to strengthen the role of the financial sector in the global effort to end modern slavery and human trafficking, and accelerate action in line with the 2030 Agenda.
This report contains the final recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures. It includes information on climate-related risks and opportunities, scenario analysis, and guidance to support organisations from all sectors to make climate-related financial disclosures consistent with these recommendations.