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Law, Regulation & Compliance


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  1. The global governance of artificial intelligence: Next steps for empirical and normative research

    4 September 2023
    This analytical essay outlines an agenda for research into the global governance of artificial intelligence (AI). It distinguishes between empirical research, aimed at mapping and explaining global AI governance, and normative research, aimed at developing and applying standards for appropriate global AI governance.
  2. Generative artificial intelligence in finance: Risk considerations

    Generative AI is a subset of AI/ML that creates new content. It offers enhancements to efficiency and customer experience, as well as advantages to risk management and compliance reporting. However, the deployment of GenAI in the financial sector requires the industry to recognise and mitigate the technology's risks comprehensively; financial institutions must strengthen their cybersecurity and regulatory oversight capacities.
  3. How asset managers can set interim net zero targets that are fit for purpose: Responsible investment standards and expectations

    18 July 2023
    This paper provides guidelines for asset managers to strengthen their interim net zero targets, help promote transparency, effective emissions reduction and promote responsible finance within a modern world faced with an ever-increasing problem of climate change and inequality.
  4. The state of AI governance in Australia

    This report reveals that Australian organisations lack structured governance around AI systems. Corporate leaders should invest in expertise, create a comprehensive AI strategy, implement addressing risks and support a human-centered culture. The appropriate governance of AI systems is critical for corporate leaders to mitigate risks.
  5. The impact of digital technology on human rights in Europe and Central Asia

    This report examines the impact of digital technology and artificial intelligence on human rights in Europe and Central Asia, with a particular focus on the use of data protection and legislative frameworks. It provides an overview of the relevant international and regional initiatives, and analyses the applicable legal, regulatory, and institutional frameworks.
  6. Integrity matters: Net zero commitments by businesses, financial institutions, cities and regions

    8 November 2022
    As the global community faces a climate crisis, the report recommends setting standards and criteria for achieving net zero emissions, addressing concerns about greenwashing, and calling for a just transition for developing countries. The report advocates for a collaborative 'ambition loop' to accelerate global efforts toward a sustainable future.
  7. Engaging the ICT sector on human rights: Child rights

    This briefing explores the risks and opportunities Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) companies face in relation to children's rights. It highlights the importance of adhering to international standards and implementing internal policies and practices that prioritise the most severe impacts on children. Investors are encouraged to hold companies accountable.
  8. Greenwashing risks in asset management: Staying one step ahead

    The practice of greenwashing is a key regulatory concern in the UK, EU and globally. Greenwashing involves making misleading statements about sustainable products. This report examines how greenwashing occurs and the regulatory initiatives that have emerged to combat this. The report provides five steps firms can take to prevent greenwashing.
  9. Integrating nature: The case for action on nature-related financial risks

    The Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL) has written this paper to equip senior management within financial institutions to integrate nature-related risks into financial decisions. The paper details why action needs to be taken and the steps to accelerate the integration of nature into finance.
  10. Driving improvements in modern slavery reporting: The role for Australian investors

    3 February 2022
    Australia’s Modern Slavery Act 2018 (MSA) was intended to create a race to the top among Australian companies in addressing modern slavery disclosure. The response from corporate Australia is lagging, however. This research on disclosures under the MSA identifies three key gaps in S&P/ASX 300 modern slavery reporting and performance.
  11. Biodiversity insight 2021

    30 November 2021
    Environmental Finance's Biodiversity Insight 2021 publication features articles and expert insight into numerous planned and active biodiversity-related initiatives occurring in the global financial sector. Each article discusses a public or private entity’s development, focus, strategy, and ambition of an initiative aiming for greater inclusion of biodiversity conservation in finance.
  12. Biodiversity: Unlocking natural capital value for Australian investors

    Commissioned by the Australian Council of Superannuation Investors (ACSI), this report has been produced to support the Australian investment community's understanding of how biodiversity loss presents a risk to their portfolios. It provides recommendations about actions that Australian investors can take in response to this risk, in preparation for the Taskforce for Nature-related Financial Disclosures (TNFD).
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