Library | Asset Class


Things to learn
Actions to take
ESG issues
SASB Sustainability Sector
Finance relevance
Asset Class
Resource type
73 results

Financial crimes and land conversion: Uncovering risk for financial institutions

This report outlines the risks financial institutions face due to land conversion and related financial crimes. It emphasises the convergence of land conversion with crimes like money laundering and corruption, highlighting the need for robust due diligence and risk assessment. It introduces an Environmental Crimes Financial Toolkit to aid institutions in mitigating these risks.

Assessment of the six largest pesticide companies’ approaches to addressing biodiversity loss

31 October 2023
This assessment evaluates the approaches of six leading pesticide companies toward addressing biodiversity loss. None of the companies has committed to phasing out highly hazardous pesticides, and progress in reporting and disclosure is limited. Investors are urged to heed recommendations and use the report to guide engagements.

Navigating the reporting landscape

This guide provides an introduction to sustainability-related reporting for finance professionals. It covers mandatory reporting requirements and reporting frameworks, as well as key reporting components for sustainability. The guide also explores recent developments in reporting standards and the accounting profession, highlighting the future of corporate reporting.

Raising the bar: A baseline review of finance sector action on deforestation

3 November 2022
This review found that only a minority of the nearly 600 finance institutions with high-profile climate commitments have taken action on deforestation. A single-commodity deforestation policy was indicative of leadership, while broader industry collaboration will accelerate progress. Financial institutions must eliminate the climate, biodiversity, and human rights risks of deforestation to achieve their net-zero targets.

Climate scenario analysis: Cement's financial performance under 2°c and 2.7°c

26 July 2018
The Climate Scenario Analysis report examines the financial implications of climate transition scenarios on the cement sector's future. The report provides useful insights to company analysis and financial risk analysis for the cement sector, providing readers with a comprehensive understanding of the impact of climate transition scenarios.

Petrochemicals: Major credits, carbon risks, green bonds

This report reviews the petrochemical industry from a joint macro, credit specialist and climate mitigation perspective. It highlights that the industry has the highest energy demand and is the third-largest direct CO2 emitter. The first green bonds came out in 2020, although the sector’s environmental alignment remains questionable to investors.

OECD due diligence guidance for responsible supply chain of minerals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas

The paper provides recommendations for companies operating in mineral supply chains. The guidance outlines a five-step framework for supply chain due diligence, including risk identification and assessment, implementation of risk mitigation strategies, and reporting on due diligence efforts.

Deforestation tools assessment and gap analysis: How investors can manage deforestation risk

13 August 2020
This report explores investor deforestation initiatives. It assesses existing tools and datasets, identifies gaps, and offers recommendations. The report highlights the importance of managing deforestation risk while acknowledging the complexity of supply chains and information gaps.


ENCORE (Exploring Natural Capital Opportunities, Risks and Exposure) is a free, online tool that helps organisations explore their exposure to nature-related risk and take the first steps to understand their dependencies and impacts on nature.

Earth system justice needed to identify and live within Earth system boundaries

19 June 2023
This article considers how to integrate principles of justice within Earth’s system boundaries, specifically for climate, the biosphere, water and nutrient cycles, and aerosols. Using the Earth system justice approach, it discusses living within planetary limits whilst minimising significant harm to all people and ensuring equitable access to resources.
1 of 8