Library | SDGs

GOAL 14: Life Below Water

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Actions to take
ESG issues
SASB Sustainability Sector
Finance relevance
Asset Class
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39 results

Bankrolling ecosystem destruction: The EU must stop the cash flow to businesses destroying nature

29 March 2024
The report analysed the financial flows of 135 companies in ecosystem risk sectors and found that 22.1% (US$278b) of credit and 9.4% (US$65b) of investment came from EU-based financial institutions from 2015 to 2023. The report recommends that EU regulation should align finance with global environmental targets to prevent financial flows from contributing to ecosystem destruction.

Earth beyond six of nine planetary boundaries

9 September 2023
Six of nine planetary boundaries are exceeding safe thresholds, with ocean acidification and aerosol loading at tipping points. Maintaining functional biosphere integrity requires controlling human appropriation of net primary production. Earth system modelling illustrates the need to consider anthropogenic impacts on Earth in a systemic way.

Mapping ocean governance and regulation

24 September 2018
This report provides an overview of ocean governance and regulations through the lenses of ocean-based industries, addressing international governance, key industries, emerging issues and regulatory developments, cross-cutting challenges and the role of the private sector through the UN Global Compact Action Platform for Sustainable Ocean Business.

The TNFD nature-related risk and opportunity management and disclosure framework: Beta v0.2 release

The Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures (TNFD) has released version 0.2 of the Nature-Related Risk and Opportunity Management and Disclosure Framework. This market-led initiative aims to provide a risk management and disclosure framework for organisations to report and act on evolving nature-related risks and opportunities.

Point of no return 2023: Part IV: Climate and biodiversity

2 June 2023
This report assesses the climate and biodiversity policies and practices of 77 of the world’s largest asset managers, who collectively hold over $77 trillion in assets. The report finds that asset managers need stronger and more comprehensive net-zero targets, consistent with limiting biodiversity loss, and a greater focus on climate scenario analysis.

Modern temperatures in central–north Greenland warmest in past millennium

18 January 2023
Greenland's central and north regions have recorded their warmest temperatures in over a millennium. Scientific data showed that temperatures have risen by an average of 1.5 ± 0.4 degrees Celsius, which is above the range of pre-industrial temperature variability. The warming followed a long-term trend that is likely connected to anthropogenic effects.

Study on sustainability - related ratings, data and research

26 August 2021
This study on sustainability-related ratings, data and research seeks to explore the sustainability data landscape and the issues related to the assessment and evaluation of sustainability performance. It examines various sustainability-related rating systems, methodologies, and data providers, with insights from asset managers, asset owners, and benchmark administrators.

Biodiversity loss and land degradation: An overview of the financial materiality

This report provides key insights into the materiality of biodiversity loss and land degradation with a focus on financial risks while reviewing the literature available. The report highlights biodiversity's prominent role in the economy, the major threats to biodiversity, the tools available to measure biodiversity's impact and outlines a typology for nature-related financial risks.

A guide to SDG interactions: From science to implementation

12 May 2017
This report examines the nature of interlinkages between Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), underpinned by a framework for understanding sustainable development goal interactions. Policymakers, practitioners and scientists working on implementing SDGs are the intended audience for this report.

Industry influence on biodiversity policy: A pilot study demonstrating industry associations’ engagement on biodiversity-related policy and regulations

24 October 2022
This report reveals that industry associations representing key sectors and some of the largest companies in the world are lobbying to delay, dilute, and block critically needed biodiversity policy in both the EU and US. The vast majority of engagement on specific policies and regulations is oppositional, seeking to roll back, weaken, or block policy.
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