Research | Safe and just Earth system boundaries
Safe and just Earth system boundaries

Safe and just Earth system boundaries

31 May 2023

This report sets safe and just Earth system boundaries (ESBs) for domains including climate, nitrogen, and phosphorus, and identifies sub-global ESBs for avoiding Earth system destabilization. Achieving these ESBs requires a systemic transformation across sectors and addressing drivers of Earth system change for a safe and just future.

 

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